31. (Abraham) said (to them), `Now what is your errand, O you who have been sent (by God)!

32. They said, `We have been sent towards a guilty people who have severed their ties (with God).

33. `That we may rain stones of wet clay upon them,

34. `(Which are) ear-marked from your Lord for (inflicting punishment on) those guilty of excesses.'

35. (God says,) `Then (it came to pass) We brought forth all the believers who were there (in that township to keep them safe and secure).

36. But infact We found there only a single house of those who had submitted (to Us, and that was the house of Lot).

37. And (after destroying the townships) We left in them a sign (to serve as a lesson) to those who fear the woeful punishment.

38. And in (the case of) Moses (there is also a sign). (Remember the time) when We sent him to Pharaoh with a clear authoritative proof.

39. But he turned away (from Moses) in the pride of his power and said, `(He is) a sorcerer, or rather a madman.'

40. So We took him and his forces to task and threw them into the sea. Indeed, he (- Pharaoh) was himself blameworthy.

41. And (there is a sign) in (the destruction of the Tribe of) `âd, when We let loose on them the destructive wild-blowing wind.

42. It spared nothing whatever it came upon but reduced it to (dust-like stuff of) rotten bones.

43. And (there is a sign) in (the case of the tribe of) Thamûd. Behold! they were told, `Enjoy yourselves for a while.'

44. But they disdainfully disobeyed the commandment of their Lord, so a thunderbolt struck them while they looked on (utterly confused).

45. And they were not able (even) to get up on their feet nor could they get anybody's help to defend themselves.

46. And (We destroyed) the people of Noah before (them). They too were disobedient people.


47. As for the heaven, We have built it with (Our) Mighty power, and verily We are Makers of the vast extent.

48. And the earth, We have spread it out and how excellently We lay things out.

49. And We have created all things in pairs so that you may give heed (to the wonderful creation of God).

50. Therefore (say to them), `Wing your way to Allâh. Verily, I am a plain Warner to you from Him.

51. `Never set up another god (to be worshipped) along with Allâh. Surely, I am a plain Warner to you from Him.'

52. Even so, no Messenger came to their predecessors but they said, `(He is) a sorcerer, or (rather) a madman,

53. Have they bequeathed this (way of saying things) to one another. The fact is they themselves are a people who transgress limits.

54. So turn away from them (and their foul way of talk). There lies no blame on you (for what they do).

55. Yet keep on exhorting (the people), for, verily, exhortation proves useful to the believers.

56. And I have created the jinn (fiery natured and houghty) and the (ordinary) people only that they may worship Me.

57. (Prophet! tell them that) no provision do I require from them, nor do I require that they should feed Me.

58. Surely, it is Allâh alone Who is the Great Sustainer, the Lord of immense power, the Almighty.

59. Those who do injustice (to Our Messengers) should meet the fate (of miseries) like the fate of their fellows (of old). Therefore do not let them ask Me to hasten on (the punishment which awaits them).

60. (Yet they should not forget that) destruction is in store for those who disbelieve, on account of that day of theirs the punishment of which they have been promised.




(The Mount)

(Revealed before Hijrah)

With the name of Allâh,

the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful

(I commence to read Sûrah Al-Tûr).

1. I call to witness the Mount (of revelation),

2. And a Book inscribed

3. On open unrolled parchments,

4. And the ever so much-frequented House (- Ka`abah),

5. And (its) Elevated Roof,

6. And the dry and empty sea,

7. That the punishment of your Lord is bound to descend.

8. None can avert it.

9. The day the sky shall reel and rock (in a state of terrific commotion),

10. And the mountains shall move fast,

11. On that day destruction awaits those who cry lies (to the Messengers of God),

12. Who indulge in idle talk and who are busy in vain pursuits.

13. On that day they shall be urged to and thrust into the Fire of Gehenna with a violent and irresistible urging.

14. (They will be told,) `This is the Fire you used to cry lies to.

15. `Is this an illusion or is it you who are still unable to see?

16. `Burn you in it, and whether you show patience or you show (it) not, will be the same to you, (for) you will be requited only for your deeds.'

17. Verily, those who guarded against evil will be in Gardens and in (a state of) bliss,

18. Rejoicing at those (gifts) which their Lord will have granted them, and (they will render Him thanks that) their Lord has guarded them against the torments of Hell.

19. (It will be said to them,) `Eat and drink and enjoy yourselves as a reward of your (good) deeds.'

20. They will (on that day) be reclining on couches ranged in parallel rows. And We shall pair them with fair and pure houris.

21. We shall unite with those who believe such of their children who follow them in Faith even (though they do not attain the high standard of their forefathers' righteousness) yet We will not deprive them the least of the reward of their deeds. Every soul stands pledged for his own deeds (and is neither deprived of the reward nor can escape the punishment of his bad deeds).

22. We shall provide these (owners of Paradise) with such fruit and meat in abundance as they desire.

23. Therein they will pass one to another a cup (of refreshing drink) which shall induce neither foul talk nor sin.

24. Their own young sons as pure as though they were (virgin) pearls embedded in their shells, shall go round them.

25. And they will accost one another asking mutual questions.

26. They will say, `Before (this) we were very much haunted by fear, in the midst of our family (about the consequences of our deeds).

27. `But Allâh has been gracious to us and has saved us from the torment of the burning blast;

28. `We used to call upon Him before (in prayer). Surely, He alone is the Most Beneficent, the Ever Merciful.'


29. So (Prophet!) keep on exhorting, as by the grace of your Lord, you are neither a soothesayer, nor a mad man.

30. Yet they say (about you), `(He is only) a poet, (and) we await the vicissitudes, which time will bring upon him.'

31. Say, `Await you (the calamities), I too am with you among those who are awaiting.'

32. As a matter of fact their reason prompts them to (think of the Prophet in) these (terms). They are, rather, a people transgressing limits.

33. They say, `He has fabricated it (- the Qur'ân).' The fact is that they have no belief (in God).

34. Let them, then bring forth a discourse like this (Qur'ân) if they are truthful (in their objection).

35. Have they been created without a (creative) agency (or purpose)? Or are they their own creators?

36. Have they created the heavens and the earth? The thing is only that they have no faith (in God).

37. Do they hold the treasures of your Lord or are they the Lord Supreme?

38. Have they the means through which they can overhear (the Lord)? If so, let their listener bring forth a clear authoritative proof (just as the Prophet of God does).

39. (O disbelievers, as you believes,) does He have daughters while you have sons?

40. Do you ask a reward from them (for your conveying the Message) so that they are weighed down with a load of undue debts (and so are finding it hard to pay).

41. Do they have (the knowledge of) the unseen so that they write down (and judge things in its light).

42. Do they intend to wage a war (against you)? But (remember) it is those who disbelieve that will be the victims of (their own) strategy of war.

43. Have they a god other than Allâh? Indeed, Highly Exalted is Allâh far above all the things they associate with Him.

44. And (even) if they see a fragment of the sky falling down (in the form of punishment) they would say, `(It is only) piled up clouds (and not a sign of punishment whatsoever).

45. So leave them alone till they meet that day of theirs (- the day of the battle of Badr) when they will be driven into the fire (of warfare).

46. The day when their stratagem of warfare will be of no avail to them and no help will be rendered to them (from any quarter).

47. There awaits the wrongdoers yet another punishment even prior to that (punishment of war). But most of them do not know.

48. (Prophet!) await with patience and perseverance (the implementation of) the judgment of your Lord. You are under Our (loving care and) protection. And extol the Holiness of your Lord along with His praises when you rise (from sleep for Prayer).

49. And proclaim His glory for part of the night and also at the declining of the stars (when the night is about to end).




(Parts of the Qur'ân)

(Revealed before Hijrah)

With the name of Allâh,

the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful

(I commence to read Sûrah Al-Najm).

1. I call to witness every part of the Qur'ân when it is revealed,

2. That your comrade (Muhammad) has neither deviated (from true guidance in his practices) nor has he erred (in his beliefs).

3. He does not say anything out of (his own) fanciful desire.

4. This (Qur'ân) is nothing but (pure) revelation, revealed (to him by God).

5. The Lord of Mighty Powers has taught him (this discourse).

6. (The Lord) Whose powers become manifest in manifold and frequent ways, with the result that he (- this Messenger of God) attained perfection and fullest vigour (both intellectually and physically).

7. And he attained to the zenith of heights (in his spiritual ascension).

8. Then he drew near to Him and afterwards he descended (to humankind, for their guidance).

9. So that he became (as it were) one chord to two bows or closer still.

10. Then He revealed that excellent and mighty (Qur'ânic) revelation which He had to send to His servant (Muhammad),

11. Whose mind made no mistake in (the interpretation of) that which he saw (during the ascansion).

12. Will you doubt and dispute with him concerning that (sight) which he saw with his own eyes (it being no figment of imagination)?

13. And, of course, he saw Him (in His another manifestation to him) yet another time.

14. It was near the Sidrah which stands at the farthest end (of knowledge),

15. Near where also is the Garden which is the real eternal abode.

16. (This was) when the sublime thing (- the Divine Manifestation) which was to cover Sidrah had covered it.

17. (When he saw the Divine Manifestation) his eye deviated not (from the certainty of the Truth) nor did it wander away (from the invincible faith on which he stood).

18. (It was the moment when) he saw the greatly important signs of his Lord.

19. Have you had a look at Lât and `Uzzâ (the gods of idolaters),

20. And another, the third (goddess of no account) Manât?

21. What (an ignoble idea you have)! Are you to have sons and He daughters?

22. That indeed is an unjust division (and unbecoming from your own point of view which looks upon the birth of a

daughter with condemnation).

23. (The fact is that) these are mere names (bearing no significance) which you have coined, you and your forefathers, for which Allâh has revealed no authority (for their being worshipped as gods and goddesses). These (idol-worshippers) follow nothing but mere conjectures and the fancies of (their own) minds. (They do this) even though true guidance has already come to them from their Lord.

24. Can a person always have whatever he desires?

25. Rather (all the blessings of) the Hereafter as well as (those of) this present life belong to Allâh.


26. Behold! so many an angel is there in the heavens but their intercession can be of no avail except after Allâh has given (them) permission regarding him whom He wills and with whom He is pleased.

27. (Verily, it is only) those who do not believe in the Hereafter and (who) give feminine names to the angels (because they ascribe them to Allâh as His daughters);

28. But they have no knowledge of the matter. They follow nothing but conjecture, yet by no means can a conjecture be a substitute for the established Truth.

29. So turn aside from him who turns away from Our remembrance, and seeks nothing but the present life.

30. That is the highest attainment of their knowledge. Verily, your Lord knows very well those who go astray from His path, as He knows very well those who follow the right guidance.

31. And all that lies in the heavens and all that lies in the earth belongs to Allâh alone. The result of this is that He recompenses the evil doers according to (the evil of) their deeds and rewards those who do good deeds with the fairest reward.

32. Those who avoid grave sins and open shameful deeds but (who are sometimes guilty) only (of) minor offences (will find) your Lord is Lord of immense protection (and resorts to His mercy in such cases). He knows you full well (since) when He created you from the earth and when you were embryos in the wombs of your mothers. So make no pretensions to the purity of your souls. It is He Who knows best who (truly and fully) guards against evil.


33. Have you taken notice of the one who turns away (from guidance),

34. And gives but a little (in the cause of Allâh) and does it grudgingly.

35. Has he the knowledge of the unseen so that he can see (his own future)?

36. Has he not been informed of the contents of the Scriptures of Moses,

37. And (those of) Abraham who thoroughly and faithfully fulfilled (the commandments of his Lord).

38. (The Scriptures say that) no soul that bears a burden shall bear the burden of another (soul).

39. And that a human being will have (to his account) what he strives for.

40. And that his strivings shall necessarily be seen (and evaluated),

41. Then will he be recompensed fully and fairly.

42. And that to your Lord is the eventual return.

43. And that it is He alone Who makes people laugh and weep.

44. And that it is He alone Who causes death and brings to life.

45. And that He Himself created the two species - male and female;

46. From a sperm-drop when it is emitted.

47. That it is He upon whom rests the raising (of the dead) again to life.

48. And that it is He Who fulfills the needs and endows (the gift of) capital contentment, and grants wealth.

49. And that it is He Who is the Lord of Sirius (- a star worshipped by some polytheists).

50. And that He destroyed the ancient (tribe of) `âd;

51. And (the tribe of) Thamûd, so that He spared not a single soul of them.

52. And (He destroyed) the people of Noah before (them). They were extremely wicked and most rebellious.

53. And (that it is He) Who totally pulled down the subverted cities (- Sodom and Gomorrah of the people of Lot),

54. So they were completely covered with that which overwhelms (when the punishment befalls).

55. (O human being!) which of the bounties of your Lord will you then doubt and dispute?

56. This (Prophet) is a Warner (towards all the peoples of the worlds) from among the (series of) Warners (to one particular people) of old.

57. (The Hour of punishment) that was (promised) to come has drawn nigh.

58. None can avert this (doom) besides Allâh.

59. Do you then wonder at this announcement (and yet pay no heed to it),

60. (For on hearing the mention of the Hour of punishment) you laugh rather than weep.

61. And you remain proudly heedless and haughty.

62. You should better prostrate yourselves before Allâh and worship (Him).





(The Moon)

(Revealed before Hijrah)

With the name of Allâh,

the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful

(I commence to read Sûrah Al-Qamar).

1. The Hour (of doom of the enemies of the Prophet) has drawn nigh and (to indicate it) the moon is rent asunder.

2. Yet, whenever these (disbelievers) see a sign they turn away (paying it no heed) and say, `(It is) an oft-repeated and tremendous illusion.'

3. They have cried lies (even to this sign) and have followed their low desires. Yet every decree (of God) shall certainly come to pass.

4. And certainly there has already come to them the important accounts (concerning the fate of the ancients) in which there is provision of abstaining (from obstinately following the wrong course).

5. (And wherein is) profound and perfect wisdom but the warnings were of no avail (to them).

6. Therefore turn away from them, (and await) the day when the summoner will summon them to a most disagreeable thing,

7. While (with the sense of remorse) their eyes will be downcast, they will come forth from (their) graves as though they were (swarms of) locusts being scattered about,

8. Rushing headlong towards the summoner. The disbelievers will say, `This is a hard day.'

9. The people of Noah cried lies (to Our Prophets) before them. Accordingly they rejected Our servant and said (about him), `A mad man and one who is spurned and chided (by our idols).'

10. At last he prayed to his Lord (saying), `I am overcome so come to (my) help to defend me.'

11. Thereupon We opened the gates of the clouds and allowed water to pour down in torrents.

12. And We caused the land to burst with gushing springs so that the (two) waters gathered together for a great purpose (of divine punishment) that was decreed.

13. And We bore him (- Noah) on that (Ark which was made) of planks and nails.

14. It floated on (the waters of the deluge) under Our supervision and care. This (punishment) was for the sake of him (- Noah) who had been denied.

15. And We left this (incident of deluge for the succeeding generations to serve them) as a sign. But is there anyone who would take heed?

16. Then (behold!) how terrible was My punishment and (how true) My warning!

17. Indeed, We have made the Qur'ân easy for admonition and to understand, follow and remember. But is there anyone who would take heed?

18. (The tribe of) `âd (too) cried lies (to the warning of the Prophet, Hûd) and behold, how (terrible) was My punishment and (how true) My warning!

19. We let loose upon them a clamorous and alarmingly furious wind on a day (when) the sky remained red like copper till long.

20. It (- the howling wind) tore the people away as though they were the hollowed stumps of uprooted palm-trees.

21. Behold how (terrible) was My punishment and (how true) My warning!

22. And We have indeed made the Qur'ân easy for admonition and to understand, follow and remember. But is there

anyone who would take heed?


23. (The tribe of) Thamûd (too in rejecting Sâlih) cried lies to all the (Divine) Warners.

24. And they said, `Shall we follow a man who hails from ourselves and is all alone? (If we do) indeed we, in that case, would be (involved) in a great error and (suffering from) insanity.

25. `Is it that, from amongst all of us, the Reminder has been revealed to him (alone)? Nay (what he says is wrong), he is an impudent liar and self conceited.'

26. (God said to Sâlih,) `Very shortly shall they know who is the impudent liar and selfconceited.

27. `We, in order to distinguish the good from the bad of them, are going to send a she-camel (in a state that she is not to be interfered with, in anyway). Therefore, wait (till their end comes), and patiently persevere (against their insults).

28. `And inform them that their water is to be shared by them (and the she-camel), each time of drinking to be attended (by everyone) in turns.'

29. Thereupon they called their comrade who seized her (- the she-camel) quite unlawfully with the help of others and hamstrung (her, and they were then overtaken by a calamity).

30. And (behold!) how (terrible) then was My punishment and (how true) My warning!

31. And We let loose a single and sudden blast against them and they became crushed like dry twigs whittled down by an enclosure-maker.

32. And We have made the Qur'ân easy for admonition, and to understand, follow and remember. But is there anyone who would take heed?

33. Lot's people (also in rejecting Lot) cried lies to all (the Divine) Warners.

34. We let loose a (destructive) storm upon all of them except the family of Lot whom We delivered (through Our mercy from the punishment) by early dawn.

35. (It was) a favour from Us. That is how We reward those who give thanks.

36. While he (- Lot) had warned them of Our seizure (with punishment) but they doubted this warning and disputed over it.

37. And they (deceitfully) sought to turn him away from his guests. So We put a covering on their eyes. (And We said to them,) `Now taste My punishment and (suffer the consequences of ignoring) My warning.'

38. And certainly there overtook them early in the morning a lasting punishment.

39. Now taste My punishment and (suffer the consequences of ignoring) My warning.

40. And indeed We have made the Qur'ân easy for admonition and to understand, follow and remember. But is there anyone who would take heed?


41. And surely the Warners came to the people of Pharaoh (also);

42. But they cried lies to all Our signs. So We took them to task such as befitted the Mighty, the Powerful.

43. Are those of you who are disbelievers better than these? Or have you been promised amnesty (from punishment) in the (previous) Scriptures.

44. Or do (Makkan disbelievers) say, `We are a united force, capable of defending one another (against any calamity)?

45. Soon that united force shall surely be routed. They will turn (their) backs (and flee before the Muslims).

46. The (promised) Hour (of their complete discomfiture) is their appointed time. The fact is that the Hour will be grievously calamitous and most bitter.

47. Surely, the guilty are (involved) in clear error and (suffering from) insanity.

48. On that day they shall be dragged on their faces into the fire (of the battle, it will be said to them), `Suffer the smite of fire.'

49. Verily, all things have We created in correct proportion and measure.

50. Our command is (at once carried out by) only one (word) as quickly as the twinkling of an eye.

51. We have surely destroyed (gangs of) people like you (O disbelievers! before). But is there anyone who would take heed?

52. Everything they did is (recorded) in scrolls (of deeds).

53. And everything, small and great, has been noted down.

54. (That is why) those who became secure against evil and were dutiful (to God) shall be amidst gardens and bounties;

55. Occupying positions of honour and excellence with the Omnipotent Sovereign.




(The Most Gracious)

(Revealed after Hijrah)

With the name of Allâh,

the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful

(I commence to read Sûrah Al-Rahmân).

1. The Most Gracious (God)

2. Has taught this Qur'ân.

3. He created human being;

4. And taught him (the art of) intelligent and distinct speech.

5. The sun and the moon pursue their scheduled courses on their axis according to a fixed reckoning

6. And the stemless plants and the trees humbly submit (to His will);

7. And He raised the heaven high and set up the (law of) harmony and balance

8. (He explains this to you) that you should not violate the (law of) harmony and balance.

9. Hold balance with justice (giving every one his due avoiding extremes). Do not disturb the (law of) harmony in the least.

10. And He has set the earth for (the common good of) all (His) creatures.

11. In it there are all kinds of fruit and palm-trees (laden) with sheathed clusters,

12. And the grains with the husk-coverings and fragrant flowery plants.

13. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain (believers and disbelievers), then, deny?

14. He created human being from the essence extracted from dry ringing clay like a piece of baked pottery (-with the faculty of speech and possessing pliant and submissive nature).

15. And He created the jinn from a flame of fire (- possessing fiery nature).

16. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

17. (He is) the Lord of the two easts and Lord of the two wests.

18. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

19. He has let the two bodies of water flow freely they will (one day) join together.

20. (At present) a barrier stands between them. They cannot encroach one upon the other.

21. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

22. Pearls and corals come out of both (these seas).

23. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

24. And to Him belong the ships raised aloft in the sea like mountain peaks.

25. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?


26. All that is on it (- the earth) is subject to decay and doomed to pass away.

27. But (only) the Majesty of your Lord and that which is under the care of your Lord, the Lord of Glory and Honour endures for ever.

28. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

29. All of the rational beings that are in the heavens and on the earth do beg of Him. Every moment He manifests Himself in a new state (of glory).

30. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

31. We shall reckon with you O you two big groups (of the righteous and the rebellious).

32. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

33. O body of jinn (- fiery natured) and (ordinary) the people! If you have the power and capacity to go beyond the confines of the heavens and the earth, then do go. But you will not be able to go unless you have the necessary and unusual power.

34. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

35. Flames of fire, smoke and molten copper will be let loose upon you and you will not be able to defend yourselves.

36. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

37. And when the heaven splits up and turns crimson like red hide (how will you fare then)?

38. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

39. On that day none of people nor of jinn will be questioned about his sin.

40. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

41. The guilty will be known by their appearance (and the expression of their faces), then they will be seized by (their) forelocks and the feet.

42. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

43. (They will be told) `This is the Gehenna that the guilty have cried lies to.

44. `They will take turns (restlessly) between it (- the hell-fire) and boiling hot liquid.'

45. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?


46. There are two Gardens (of bliss here and the Hereafter) for such as fear (the time) when they will stand before (the judgment seat of) your Lord (to account for their deeds).

47. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

48. Both (the Gardens of Paradise) are abounding in varieties (of trees and rich greenery accompanied with delightful comforts).

49. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

50. There are two springs flowing (free) in each of them.

51. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

52. In both of these (Gardens) there are fruit of all kinds in two varieties.

53. Which of the benefactions of your Lord, will you twain, then, deny?

54. They (- the owners of Paradise) will be reclining (on couches) over carpets, the linings of which will be of thick brocade. And the ripe fruit of both the Gardens will be bending (so) low (as to be within their easy reach to pluck).

55. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

56. There they shall have (chaste and modest) maidens restraining their glances (to look at them only), whom (in this state) neither man nor jinn has ever touched before them.

57. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

58. (These maidens will look) as if they were (made of) rubies and small pearls.

59. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

60. Goodness alone is the reward of goodness .

61. Which of the benefections of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

62. And besides these two (Paradises) there are two other Gardens,

63. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

64. Both of them are dark green with thick foliage.

65. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

66. Both of these two have two springs gushing forth.

67. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

68. Both of these two have all kinds of fruit and dates and pomegranates

69. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

70. Therein will be (maidens) pious (and) beautiful.

71. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

72. Pure and chaste houris confined to (their goodly) pavilions (enjoying the shade of God`s mercy).

73. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

74. Whom neither man nor jinn has ever touched before them (in this state).

75. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

76. (The owners of Paradise will be) reclining on green cushions and rich carpets of lovely beauty.

77. Which of the benefactions of your Lord will you twain, then, deny?

78. Blessed be the name of your Lord, the Master of Glory and Honour.




(The Great Event)

(Revealed before Hijrah)

With the name of Allâh,

the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful

(I commence to read Sûrah Al-Wâqi`ah).

1. (Beware of the time) when the inevitable (and the promised) Event shall come to pass.

2. There is no denying its coming to pass.

3. (This event shall be) lowering (the status of some and) exalting (that of others).

4. (This will take place) when the earth shall be shaken with a violent shaking

5. And the mountains shall be completely shattered,

6. So that they shall all be reduced to particles of dust scattered about.

7. And (at that time) you shall be (sorted out into) three distinct categories,

8. (First) those that are blessed. How (lucky) the blessed will be!

9. And (then) those that are wretched, how (miserable) the condition of the wretched will be!

10. And (third) those that are foremost (in faith). They are by all means the foremost (in the Hereafter).

11. It is they who have (really) achieved nearness (to their Lord).

12. (They shall abide) in Gardens of bliss.

13. A large party of them (will hail) from the early (believers);

14. While a few (of them will hail) from the later ones.

15. (They will be in the Garden seated) on couches inlaid (with gold and precious jewels).

16. (They will be) reclining thereupon (and sitting) face to face.

17. (Their) young sons will go round about them, who will remain as young as ever,

18. Carrying goblets and (shining) beakers and cups (full) of pure and clean drink

19. They will get no headache (or giddiness) from their (drinks), nor will they be inebriated and talk nonsense.

20. And (carrying) such fruits as they choose,

21. And (with) flesh of birds exactly to their taste.

22. And (there will be present) fair houris with lovely large eyes.

23. (Chaste) like pearls, well-guarded and well preserved.

24. (Such shall be) the reward of their (good) deeds.

25. There they shall hear no idle-talk, no sinful speech.

26. But (all that they hear on all sides will be) good and pure words (of salutation) - `Peace be, peace be.'

27. Those that are blessed - how (lucky) the blessed will be!

28. They shall abide amidst (the land of thornless) Sidrah (- Lote tree, a symbol of bliss);

29. And (in the Garden of) clustered bananas;

30. And (in) extended shades;

31. And (near) water falling from heights;

32. And (amidst) abundant fruit;

33. (The season of) which is not limited, and (they are) never forbidden.

34. And (they will have) noble spouses.

35. Verily, We have made them (women) excellent and have raised them into a special new creation;

36. And have made them virgins, pure and undefiled.

37. They are the loving ones (of their husbands), suiting to their ages and matching them in every respect.

38. (They are meant) for the blessed ones.


39. (This group will consist of) a large party from the earlier people (of Islam);

40. And a large party from the later ones.

41. But as for those that are wretched, how (sad) will be the plight of those that are wretched!

42. (They shall dwell) in the midst of (painfully) scorching winds and scalding water;

43. And (under) the shadow of black smoke,

44. (Which is) neither cool (to refresh) nor honourable nor of any good to please at all.

45. They, of course, lived a life of ease and abundance before this (in the present world).

46. But (they) persisted in extreme sinfulness.

47. And they were wont to say, `Is it that when we are dead and reduced to dust and bones we shall then be raised to life (again)?

48. `And is it that our fathers of yore (shall also be raised to a new life with us)?'

49. Say, `Most surely, the earlier people and the later ones

50. `Shall all be gathered together at the fixed time of an appointed day.

51. `Then, O you that have gone astray and cried lies (to the truth)!

52. `You will certainly eat of Zaqqûm-tree (a symbol of agony),

53. `And will fill your bellies with it.

54. `Then you shall drink over it boiling water;

55. Lapping it down like the lapping of the camels that suffer from insatiable thirst.

56. This will be their (of the wretched ones) entertainment on the Day of Requital.

57. It is We Who have created you (the first time), why do you not then realise the reality (of the Resurrection).

58. Have you given thought to (the sperm drop, your life-germ) that you emit?

59. Is it you that create it yourselves, or are We the Creator (of it)?

60. It is We that have ordained death for all of you. And We cannot be stopped from (it),

61. From replacing you with beings similar to you, (or from) evolving you into a form which is unknown to you (at present).

62. And you certainly know of the first evolution. Then, why do you not reflect?

63. Have you ever given thought to that which you sow?

64. Is it you that cause it grow or is it We Who are the Growers?

65. If We (so) pleased We could reduce it to chaff (before it is ripe and ready to be harvested). And then you would remain lamenting and talking bitterly;

66. (And saying,) `Surely, we have been left indebted,

67. `Rather we have been left with nothing (indeed we are finished).'

68. Have you ever given thought to the water that you drink?

69. Is it you who bring it down from the clouds, or is it We Who rain it?

70. If We (so) pleased We could make it brackish. Then why do you not give thanks?

71. Have you given thought to the fire which you kindle?

72. Is it you who produce the tree for (kindling) it (into fire) or is it We the producer (of it)?

73. We have made it a source of admonition (for the people) and a means to live upon for the needy and the wayfarer.

74. Glorify, therefore, the name of your Lord, the Incomparably Great.


75. As to me, I swear by the places and times of the revelation of the portions of the Qur'ân;

76. And behold! it is a mighty oath, if you only care to know;

77. That this is most surely a Holy Qur'ân (bestowing bounteous blessings of God),

78. In a Book well preserved (in all its purity).

79. No one can achieve true insight into it except those who are purified (by leading righteous lives).

80. (It is) a revelation from the Lord of the worlds.

81. Is it this (Divine) discourse that you are the deniers of?

82. And do you make the denial of it your lot?

83. Why, then, when the soul (of the dying person) reaches the throat,

84. And you are at that time looking on (helplessly),

85. And (when) We are nearer to him than you, though you do not see.

86. Why, then, if you are not governed by any authority and are not to be requited,

87. You do not bring it (- the soul) back (to the body of the dying person), if you are truthful (in your claim of being independent of the supreme authority)?

88. And if he (the departed person) belongs to those who have attained nearness (to God and are His chosen ones),

89. Then (he will have) happiness, comfort and plenty and Garden of Bliss.

90. And if he (- the departed person) belongs to the blessed people,

91. Then (it will be said to him,) `Peace be upon you ever, (O you) of the blessed people!'

92. But if he belongs to those who deny the truth and are steeped in error,

93. Then (he will be offered) boiling water for an entertainment,

94. And burning in Hell.

95. Verily, this (fact) is a perfect certainty (not merely a certainty by inference or sight),

96. Therefore glorify the name of your Lord, the Incomparably Great.




(The Iron)

(Revealed after Hijrah)

With the name of Allâh,

the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful

(I commence to read Sûrah Al-Hadîd).

1. Whatever is in the heavens and the earth declares the glory of Allâh. And He is the All-Mighty the All-Wise.

2. The kingdom of the heavens and the earth belongs to Him. He gives life and causes death and He is the Possessor of power to do all that He will.

3. He is (from) the very First (there was nothing before Him), and (He will exist to) the Last (there will be nothing after Him), and when nothing remains He will remain (He being an eternal Being). He is the Supreme Being (subordinate to no one). And (whereas He comprehends everything) He is Incomprehensible. He has full knowledge of every thing.

4. It is He Who created the heavens and the earth in six aeons. And He is established on the Throne (of Power). He knows what goes down into the earth and what comes out of it, and what descends from above and what ascends to it. He is with you wherever you may be. Allâh is watchful of all that you do.

5. The kingdom of the heavens and the earth belongs to Him. All matters are referred to Allâh (for His judgment).

6. He causes the night to gain on the day (in one season) and He causes the day to gain on the night (in the other season). He has full knowledge of the inmost secrets of hearts.

7. (O People!) believe in Allâh and His Messenger and spend (in the cause of Allâh) out of the possessions He has entrusted you with as His vicegerent. Indeed, there awaits a great reward for such of you as believe and spend (in His cause).

8. What is wrong with you that you do not believe in Allâh, though the Messenger invites you to believe in your Lord, and though He has already bound you to a covenant. (Now is the time) if you care to believe.

9. It is He Who sends down clear signs to His servant that He may lead you from all kinds of darkness into the light (of faith). And behold, Allâh is Compassionate and Ever Merciful to you.

10. What is wrong with you that you do not spend in the way of Allâh, for all that the heavens and the earth contain shall finally revert to Allâh. Those of you who spent and fought (in the cause of Allâh) before the Victory (of Hudaibiyah) cannot be equal (to those who joined the ranks later). They are higher in rank than those who spent and fought afterwards (after the truth had gained ground). Yet Allâh has promised a good reward to them all. Allâh is Well-Aware of what you do.


11. Who is he that will separate a handsome portion (of his possessions) to give (in the cause of) Allâh? (Let him remember) He will increase it manifold (to repay it to him many times over). Indeed, there awaits such a one a generous and honourable reward.

12. (Think of) the day when you will see the believing men and the believing women that their (faith having become a torch of) light is advancing rapidly in front of them and on their right sides. (It will be said to them,) `Glad tidings to you this day. (There await you) Gardens (of Paradise) served with running streams.' (The recipients of glad tidings)

will abide therein (for ever). This indeed is a mighty achievement!

13. That day the hypocritical men and hypocritical women will say to those who believe, `Wait for us so that we might obtain some illumination from your (this) light.' It will be said to them, `Go back (if you can) and seek for light.' Then a wall with a gateway will be set up separating them (and the believers). The inside of it will be all mercy (where the righteous have to go) and the outside of it shall be facing torment (where the hypocrites have to stay).

14. These (hypocrites) will call out to these (believers), `Were we not with you (in the worldly life)?' They will reply, `Yes, but you let yourselves fall into temptations and you waited (uselessly for our destruction), and you doubted (about the truth). Infact, your vain desires deceived you till the decree of Allâh (about your punishment) came to be implemented. And the arch-deceiver deceived you in respect of Allâh.

15. `So this day, no ransom shall be accepted from you, nor from those who disbelieved. Hell-Fire is the final abode of you all. That is your friendly-protector. And very evil is that resort.'

16. Is it not yet time for those who believe that their hearts should feel humbled at the mention (of the name) of Allâh and at the truth that has been revealed to them (in the form of the Qur'ân), and that they do not become like those who were given the Scripture before (them). But their hearts hardened because a long period of time passed over them (enjoying the favours of Allâh. (As for their present state) they are mostly transgressors.

17. Know that Allâh brings (the inhabitants of) the earth to life after their death. We have indeed explained Our Messages to you that you may abstain (from evil deeds).

18. Verily, (as to) the men who give alms and the women who give alms and those who perform excellent deeds for the sake of Allâh, their recompense shall be increased manifold for them and (there awaits them) a generous and honourable reward.

19. And for those who believe in Allâh and His Messengers they alone are the truthful people and faithful witnesses in the sight of their Lord, they will have their full reward and their light. But those who disbelieve and cry lies to Our commandments are the very inmates of Hell.


20. Know that the life of this world is but a sport, wanton, an empty show, (a source of) boasting among yourselves and an emulous quest for more riches and children. It is like the rain, the vegetation produced whereby pleases the cultivators. Then it (- the vegetation) blooms and flourishes so that you can see it turn yellow (on ripening). Then (there comes a time when) it becomes (worthless) chaff. But the Hereafter promises both, a severe punishment (for the wicked) and (for the righteous there is) protection from Allâh and (His) pleasure. The life of this world is nothing but a (temporary) enjoyment of delusive things.

21. (O People!) Advance quickly, outstripping one another, towards the protection from your Lord and (towards) a Garden the extensiveness of which is (beyond measure) as the extensiveness of the heaven and the earth. It has been prepared for those who believe in Allâh and His Messengers; that (protection) is Allâh's grace and bounty. He grants it to such of those who wish to attain it (and strive for it). Allâh is the Lord of immense grace and bounty.

22. No disaster befalls either on the earth or in your ownselves but it forms part of the divine Law before We bring it into being. Indeed, it is easy for Allâh (to make such a law).

23. (Allâh has apprised you of this) that you may neither grieve over that (good) which is lost to you, nor exult because of that which He has granted you. Allâh has no love for all those who are haughty and boastful.

24. (Neither has He love for) those who practice niggardliness themselves and (also) enjoin others to be niggardly. He who turns his back (upon His commandments should beware). Verily, Allâh is Self-Sufficient (free from all needs and) Worthy of all praise (in His own right).

25. Certainly, We sent Our Messengers with clear proofs and We (also) sent down with them the Code (of Sharî`at - law and justice) and the Balance (- the practice of the Prophet and right use of the Book of God) so that people might conduct themselves with equity and justice. And We have given (to them) iron (which has great strength and) wherein is (material for) violent warfare and for many (other) uses for people. All this has been done that Allâh may distinguish those who help Him and His Messengers without having seen Him. Indeed Allâh is All-Powerful, All- Mighty.


26. Indeed, We sent Noah and Abraham and We set up among their children (a system of) Prophethood and the Book. So some of them followed true guidance but many of them became transgressors.

27. Then We caused a series of Our Messengers one after the other to follow them closely in their footsteps, and we caused Jesus, son of Mary, to follow them, and We gave him (- Jesus) the Evangel. And We placed compassion and

mercy in the hearts of those who followed him, but as for monasticism they invented it themselves, We did not enjoin it upon them. (They started monastic life) to seek Allâh's pleasure, but they did not observe it (as faithfully) as it should have been observed. Yet We duly rewarded such of them as (truly) believed but many of them were transgressors.

28. O you who believe! take Allâh as a shield and believe in His Messenger. (If you do so) Allâh will grant you double the share of His mercy (in this world and the Hereafter) and will provide for you a light with the help of which you will advance forward and will grant you protection (against pitfalls). And Allâh is Great Protector, Ever Merciful.

29. (You will be so treated) lest the people of the Scripture should think that they (- the Muslims) have no control over the attainment of the grace and bounty of Allâh and (so that they should know) that grace and bounty is entirely in the hands of Allâh; He bestows it upon such as wishes to be granted it (and strives for it). And Allâh is the Lord of immense grace and bounty.